Easy Grow Room Building Advice

If you do not have a completely dark garden space available, grow tents are a very convenient solution. There are many different sizes to fit many different situations

I have an indoor area I would like to turn into a grow room. It is in a room that is never in use ... totally dark. I am building an area inside this room 39" wide x 49" deep x 84" high. One side will have a mylar access. I want to grow one tomato plant and maybe a green pepper plant in a stratum method, using layers of hydroton rocks, coconut coir and Fox Farm organic planting mix. I will be using a 400 Watt MH light and was wanting some help with the ventilation. I'm on a limited budget.

Your fan should be able to exhaust the air volume of your garden in 5 minutes or less. A centrifugal fan is a much better choice for this than little in-line duct fans

I was hoping to use the inexpensive in-line duct furnace fans, maybe the 4" size. Do I need two of these fans? Is 4" size enough or do I need 6" size? Do both the fans need to be the same size? Do I locate the exhaust fan up top and the intake fan at the bottom? The light will be on for 14 - 16 hours ... Do I need the fans on 24/7? I don't expect any odors. Will the MH light grow the tomatoes all the way to fruiting? I do have two CFL 105 Watt lights I could use instead, one is blue, one is red. Would I be better off just using them instead of the MH light?  Thanks Jason!


Answer:

Personally, to light your grow room area I would use the 400 watt metal halide light. Using the CFL's by themselves would probably not provide enough light for a bountiful harvest. Many plants, like tomatoes, require a considerable amount of light in order to flower well. A metal halide light is perfectly capable of growing tomatoes and other plants in the vegetative stage, as well as in the flowering stage, all the way to completion (with good results).

In the last few years proper grow lights have become much more affordable. At the same time, the features built into these lights have become more and more handy for indoor growers. Consider the following....

This system is dimmable as well as switchable- switch between Metal Halide bulbs and High Pressure Sodium bulbs! Comes with all the extras seen here, just $165, shipping included!

The 600 watt grow light shown here comes with a ballast that is dimmable, as well as switchable. For anyone just starting out, this grow light costs less today (Nov 2016) than the 400 watt light cost just two years ago. Having a dimmable ballast allows the grower to run at 50% in a smaller space, and gives the grower the option to grow a larger garden later on if desired.

Having a switchable ballast gives the grower the option to use metal halide light for the vegetative stage, and switch to high pressure sodium light for the flowering stage if desired. Both the dimmable feature AND the switchable feature make this light more usable in your garden when the time comes to purchase a second grow light.

Just one replacement bulb costs about $80.00. There's a LOT of valuable extras with the grow light system above!

Not only is the light system shown above LESS EXPENSIVE than the original 400 watt system, but it also comes with a digital timer, a set of grow light lifters, one 600watt metal halide lamp (bulb), and one 600watt high pressure sodium lamp (bulb). That's a lot of extras!

For more help selecting the proper grow lights for your indoor garden, check out my light selector tool page.

Before you try to fruit your plants, you need to make sure they have been grown to a "mature" point under 18-24 hours of light. This is known as vegetative growth....some plants only need a week or two of vegetative growth before flowering, while other plants need 4-8 weeks of vegetative growth before they will flower properly. As a general rule, your plants need a minimum of 18 hours of light a day until they are at least 8 to 12 inches tall.


Flower Forcing in your Grow Room

A digital timer is your best friend when it comes time to force flowering. The lights need to be turned off and back on at the SAME TIME EVERY DAY!

In order to get your plants to produce fruits, they will require 12 hours of in-interrupted darkness at the same time each day (or night). This is generally required for plants that produce fruits and vegetables as well as plants that produce flowers. My page on flower forcing goes into greater detail about this part of the process. In general, your grow room must remain completely dark for twelve hours each night, at the same time each night. Having your grow lights on some kind of automatic timer is practically a requirement here! Most plants will finish growing their fruits or flowers to maturity after 8 to 12 weeks of this treatment.


Proper Use of Fans

Oscillating fans circulate the air in the grow room, allowing plants to breathe. They are just as important as exhaust fans

Before I get to your most important question, I would like to say a few things about the use of fans in the grow room...or in your case the grow box. The use of an air circulation fan (oscillating fan) is just as important as the use of an exhaust fan in the grow box. The use of an exhaust fan is important to keep the temperature in the grow box from getting too high. Exhaust fans also keep the humidity from getting to high as the plants breathe out water vapor. Thirdly, by bringing fresh air into the grow room, exhaust fans keep CO2 levels from falling too low....

Plants constantly use CO2 in the air as a source of Carbon atoms, which the plant uses to grow more leaves, stems, and flowers. A small amount of air movement is required around the surface of every leaf in the garden....this helps the plant get rid of it's exhaled Oxygen and water vapor, and also helps bring a fresh supply of CO2 in contact with the leaf. Oscillating fans are the main helper with this part. Learn more about the proper use of CO2.


Over-sized grow tents provide extra room for oscillating fans, nutrient reservoirs, and even small isles for the gardener to get into the garden

Usually, this kind of air movement (air circulation) is not provided for adequately enough by the exhaust fan(s). This is why, in addition to your exhaust fan(s), you should also have a small oscillating fan or two in the grow room for proper air circulation. Small oscillating fans are cheap, about $10 at SprawlMart, and you would be surprised how important they are to the healthy growth of your plants!

Your exhaust fans do not need to run when the lights are off to control the temperature. However, I would recommend you leave one on to keep the humidity in the grow room from getting too high. Warm air holds more moisture than cool air. As soon as your lights go off for the night, you will likely close up the grow box so it is light-proof. As the temperature cools off inside the grow box, the air inside is no longer able to hold as much moisture as it did when the grow light was on.

The humidity in the air begins to condensate out of the air.....and onto your plants. If you do not have an oscillating fan and exhaust fan running, this extra moisture will probably encourage the growth of a fungus or powdery mildew that will kill the flowers and produce you are trying so hard to grow.

So, you know you need an oscillating fan, and you know you should leave an exhaust fan on all the time. Now let's consider how to run your exhaust fan(s) exactly....

The smaller the space you try to grow in, the more difficult the temperature will be to control. In general, 85*F or above (measured at plant height directly below the grow light) is too warm. 70 to 75*F would be ideal. With your setup, as I understand it, you will have a volume of air space INSIDE the grow box, and you will have a much larger volume of air inside the ROOM in which the box is located.


Controlling Heat in the Grow Room

If your light reflector has glass in the bottom, you could use one in-line duct fan to draw air from the room, through the light, and exhaust it back into the room. Recirculating in this way, eventually all of the air in the grow room will warm up....another option would be to pull air from an outside location, through the light, and exhaust the warm air out of a window. This keeps the air traveling through your lights separate from the rest of the air in your grow box. Air cooling the light in this way will make it easier to control the temperature inside the grow box.

If you decide to use a grow tent, make sure it has plenty of vent holes. Also, make sure you have given yourself enough space! Extra space is helpful when it comes time to tend the garden

The second in-line duct fan can be used to exhaust hot air from a hole in the top of the grow box (hot air rises). This will create a negative air pressure inside the grow box, which will naturally suck air from the room back into the grow box (through holes made in the bottom of the grow box, or possibly by leaving the front door of the grow box open). Keep in mind, these ventilation holes may make your grow box less than light-proof.

The chances are good that you will still have a problem controlling the high temperatures in the grow box. I have had the same problem myself in the past. You may want to try keeping the temperature of the entire room on the cool side by keeping a window in the room cracked open. Another possibility is to run a 4 inch duct from the hole in the bottom of the grow box to a window, so the air you pull into the grow box will actually be coming from outside. This can be very effective, but if the air outside is too cold you run the risk of stunting your plants (or worse).

Instead, manufacture a cardboard box with two holes (and cardboard flaps for the holes)...one hole connected to the window with a 4 inch duct, and the other hole left open to draw air from inside the room. In this way, you can open or close the holes in different amounts (how much outside air is being mixed with the inside air) to control the temperature of the air coming into your grow box. You may also find that you need to close the window every night to keep the temperature from getting too low when the lights go off.

A digital indoor-outdoor thermometer helps you keep track of the room air temperature AND the temperature of your 'hot spot' simultaneously

Using the outdoor air, it is much easier to control the temperature of an indoor garden during cold months. In fact, many indoor gardeners ONLY garden indoors during the cold months for just this reason. Take it from my experience, your money is best spent buying a cheap indoor/outdoor digital thermometer/humidity meter. I found one at a local hydroponic shop for about $20.00. Indoor/outdoor thermometers come with a remote probe (usually on a 10 foot cord) which you can place right in your garden's hot spot, which will show up on the digital thermometer as your "outdoor" temp.

The thermometer itself can be placed somewhere else, inside or outside the grow box, and will record an "indoor" temp. The highest and lowest readings are usually kept in the memory of the thermometer until you reset it. Same with the humidity. In this way, you will be able to tell if your garden is staying in the ideal temperature range, when the lights are on during the day as well as when the lights are off at night.

(Don't let it go below 58*F at night, don't let it get above 85* in the "hot spot" during the day)

Using in-line duct fans, in my opinion, you will not be able to keep your grow box or grow room in the ideal temperature range without using some cold air from outside. However, using two in-line duct fans, a digital indoor/outdoor thermometer, a little air from outside, and a little experimentation, you should have no problem working out a setup that will control the temperature in your garden. Check out my exhaust setup page for more information on this. I hope this helps, and happy growing!


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(10 week update below)


Find out the cheapest and easiest ways to garden productively in this article.

Hi everyone, Jason from Jason's Indoor Guide here. When I got started with hydroponic gardening more than 24 years ago, my first garden used rockwool cubes and B.C. Nutrients....and I remember thinking to myself yeah, sure, there may be a lot of advantages to gardening with hydroponics, for example there are very few pest problems, therefore very little pest control, no weeding, no plowing or tilling the soil, no soil testing or having to add things into the garden soil, no watering the garden....but for someone who just wants to grow their own vegetables and have more control over their food supply and the quality of the food that they eat, the cost of constantly having to buy grow media and hydroponic nutrients makes this an expensive hobby for most people...


Epic Nutrient Change



I suppose when you take into consideration how much money you save NOT having to buy food at the grocery store, it is surely cheaper to grow your own food hydroponically even with the cost of high quality nutrients. Nevertheless, I didn't have a whole lot of money to work with and I needed to make my efforts as affordable and effective as possible....and in the last 24 years I HAVE learned a thing or two!

As you browse through Jason's Indoor Guide, you will notice all of the systems that I use personally are homemade systems. As I got 3 or 4 years of experience under my belt, I quickly adopted a preference to standing water systems and systems that use expanded clay pellets or lava rock, because the media is re-usable and it eliminates a huge operating expense. So once a hydroponic system is built, garden maintenance is minimal- check and adjust the nutrient solution daily, and to change it completely every 2 weeks....and the biggest operating cost is the hydroponic nutrients. (and the electric bill, lol)...


Homemade Cloner



And, regarding the cost of the nutrients....I experimented for about 3 years with making different compost teas and nutrient teas, but there is still a lot of expense $$$ associated with making high quality nutrient teas....like kelp meal, liquid seaweed, rock dust, bat guano, un-Sulfured molasses, worm castings. You can eliminate a lot of this expense by becoming an expert at making high-quality colloidal humus compost, and use your properly made compost as the basis of your hydroponic nutrient solution.

Unfortunately, I have been gardening for over 24 years and I have only just recently mastered this difficult skill....and even then, only because I happened to find a very easy to follow, high quality technique and decided to follow the instructions to the letter. I produced more high quality compost in just one week than I was able to use in a whole year! If you can master the technique, I highly recommend it. It is one of the top 3 things you can do to increase the productivity of your food production efforts, while at the same time decreasing the amount of effort required to grow all of your own food, and decreasing the total cost of operating your food production system.

And when I say decrease operating costs, I mean decrease them to almost ZERO, especially if you are producing your own nutrients...



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The ultimate solution to eliminate the cost of your hydroponic nutrients: Imagine a hydroponic system that does not require you to buy any nutrients, does not require you to make your own compost, and does not require you to brew your own nutrient tea. Seriously! No cost and no effort as far as providing nutrients to your plants! Plus, at the end of the gardening cycle you harvest all of your garden vegetables, PLUS YOU HARVEST FISH from the system--->

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This solution is aquaponics. If you are serious about producing all of your own food and being self-sufficient, this is the ultimate solution for reducing expenses (as much as possible), reducing the total amount of work required, and maximizing the productivity of your gardening efforts. I have been gardening for over 24 years, and it is the perfect food production solution in my opinion.


Produce garnden vegetables AND fish together. Eliminate fertilizer costs!

Besides mastering how to make high quality compost, learning aquaponics is one of the top 3 things you can do to increase your garden productivity, reduce your total costs, and reduce your total work. The product that I learned from is called Aquaponics4you. With all of my hydroponic gardening experience, the first time I came across the Aquaponics4you product I knew immediately that it was something very special! Place an aquaponics system outdoors and use the sun instead of grow lights, and you have reduced every garden expense to nearly ZERO!



The Same System/ 10 Weeks Later!




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