Outdoor Hydroponic and Aeroponic Systems

by Anshuman
(New Delhi, Delhi, India)

I don't know much about aeroponics, but I do understand how the systems work. I wanted to know how effective aeroponic systems would be outdoors. I have seen a lot of these systems being used indoors with the lights and all, but for a commercial scale application would it be possible to effectively apply aeroponic systems outdoors if the root system can be adequately covered? (one hectare of land). We are planning to have a facility (outdoors) in India where the climate is quite hot. Regards, Anshuman.



Answer: Anshuman- One of the biggest challenges to doing this successfully in India will be keeping the temperature in the root zone from getting too hot. In Brazil, where many families have begun hydroponic gardens on their rooftops, they wrap the tubes in aluminum foil to reflect the sun and heat. A better approach might be to have flat sheets of foil positioned so your plants can grow above, and the tubes can be placed beneath. This increases the shade benefit, and also allows for the possibility of air cooling whenever you get a breeze (assuming the pipes are off the ground a short distance).



What does every hydroponic system in the photos above and below have in common? They are all being used outdoors....some of them in climates that regularly get above 90 degrees F during the growing season. Each system has one or more ways in which to keep the root zone from overheating. Although it is hard to see, in at least two photos the nutrient reservoir has been wrapped in a solar blanket. This keeps the nutrient reservoir from warming in the sun, much the same way aluminum foil would (but a little bit better).

In two photos, a canopy or shade cloth has been used to prevent sunburn on more delicate crops. This also helps to keep the root zone from overheating. Several systems use a grow media, such as expanded clay pellets or vermiculite. In these systems, evaporation helps to keep the grow media cooler....but this can also be trouble. If evaporation rates are too high, the nutrient salts from your fertilizer might build up in the grow media. At some point this becomes critical and will prevent your plants from growing unless you flush the medium periodically to prevent this buildup.



While aluminum foil and shade cloths can help prevent the sun from warming your root zone, and while other hydroponic systems can benefit from the cooling effects of evaporation, the main thing you must do for an aeroponic system is control the water temperature. One strategy is to dig a cistern several feet underground in which to keep your nutrient solution. In this way, you will be using the geothermal cooling effect of the earth to maintain cool nutrient solution temperatures without any additional expense (such as an electric water cooler).

Finally, I do not recommend using well water in your hydroponic or aeroponic system. However, if you have a source of cold water such as a deep well, a cold water spring, or a lake or pond that stays cool, this provides an opportunity for water cooling your system. Your system can be designed to accommodate a 1/2 inch line in the bottom of your 4 inch or 6 inch pipes. This 1/2 inch line would not contain any spray nozzles or emitters....instead it would simply act as a condenser coil, recirculating cold water from your cold water source through the bottom of your whole system. This would cool any nutrient solution in the bottom of your pipes, and would also provide a modest refrigeration effect within the pipes themselves (which might work very well with the aluminum foil strategy).

I hope this gives you some good ideas to start with Anshuman, and Happy Growing!

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Apr 18, 2014
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outdoor aeroponics NEW
by: Anonymous

I have used high pressure aeroponics outdoors for the past 5 years. The key to temperature control for the root chamber is to use a breathable fabric so excess heat (>30C)can escape. The fine mist keeps the fabric slightly damp which creates localised evaporative cooling for the chamber. The system runs drain to waste which alleviates the issue of the reservoir being heated constantly by the return water.

Jul 19, 2011
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hydroponics in hot climates
by: Anonymous

I grow hydroponics very well in Thailand where it is very hot. I shade the growing system that is all.
I do get evaporation and just add more water

Jun 22, 2011
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20 percent sale
by: Anonymous

onpointhydroponics.com has wat you need at the best pice

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Find out the cheapest and easiest ways to garden productively in this article.

Hi everyone, Jason from Jason's Indoor Guide here. When I got started with hydroponic gardening more than 22 years ago, my first garden used rockwool cubes and B.C. Nutrients....and I remember thinking to myself yeah, sure, there may be a lot of advantages to gardening with hydroponics, for example there are very few pest problems, therefore very little pest control, no weeding, no plowing or tilling the soil, no soil testing or having to add things into the garden soil, no watering the garden....but for someone who just wants to grow their own vegetables and have more control over their food supply and the quality of the food that they eat, the cost of constantly having to buy grow media and hydroponic nutrients makes this an expensive hobby for most people.

I suppose when you take into consideration how much money you save NOT having to buy food at the grocery store, it is surely cheaper to grow your own food hydroponically even with the cost of high quality nutrients. Nevertheless, I didn't have a whole lot of money to work with and I needed to make my efforts as affordable and effective as possible....and in the last 20 years I HAVE learned a thing or two!

As you browse through Jason's Indoor Guide, you will notice all of the systems that I use personally are homemade systems. As I got 3 or 4 years of experience under my belt, I quickly adopted a preference to standing water systems and systems that use expanded clay pellets or lava rock, because the media is re-usable and it eliminates a huge operating expense. So once a hydroponic system is built, garden maintenance is minimal- check and adjust the nutrient solution daily, and to change it completely every 2 weeks....and the biggest operating cost is the hydroponic nutrients. (and the electric bill, lol).

And, regarding the cost of the nutrients....I experimented for about 3 years with making different compost teas and nutrient teas, but there is still a lot of expense $$$ associated with making high quality nutrient teas....like kelp meal, liquid seaweed, rock dust, bat guano, un-sulfured molasses, worm castings. You can eliminate a lot of this expense by becoming an expert at making high-quality colloidal humus compost, and use your properly made compost as the basis of your hydroponic nutrient solution.



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Unfortunately, I have been gardening for over 20 years and I have only just recently mastered this difficult skill....and even then, only because I happened to find a very easy to follow, high quality technique and decided to follow the instructions to the letter. I produced more high quality compost in just one week than I was able to use in a whole year! I highly recommend it. It is one of the top 3 things you can do to increase the productivity of your food production efforts, while at the same time decreasing the amount of effort required to grow all of your own food, and decreasing the total cost of operating your food production system.

And when I say decrease operating costs, I mean decrease them to almost ZERO, especially if you are producing your own nutrients.


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One final solution to eliminate the cost of your hydroponic nutrients: Imagine a hydroponic system that does not require you to buy any nutrients, does not require you to make your own compost, and does not require you to brew your own nutrient tea. Seriously! No cost and no effort as far as providing nutrients to your plants is concerned. Plus, at the end of the gardening cycle, you harvest all of your garden vegetables, PLUS YOU HARVEST FISH from the system!


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This solution is aquaponics. If you are serious about producing all of your own food and being self-sufficient, this is the ultimate solution for reducing expenses (as much as possible), reducing the total amount of work required, and maximizing the productivity of your gardening efforts. I have been gardening for over 20 years, and it is the perfect food production solution in my opinion.


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Besides mastering how to make high quality compost, learning aquaponics is one of the top 3 things you can do to increase your garden productivity, reduce your total costs, and reduce your total work. The product that I learned from is called Aquaponics4you. With all of my hydroponic gardening experience, the first time I came across the Aquaponics4you product I knew immediately that it was something very special! Place an aquaponics system outdoors and use the sun instead of grow lights, and you have reduced every garden expense to nearly ZERO!


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This is where my advice ends for people growing in water. But some of you out there are in love with soil gardening and organic gardening, and rightly so! It's a pro-human activity. It is pro-conservation. It is pro-life. It nurtures and promotes life at all levels, from the micro-organisms to beneficial insects, to healthy humans. It's natural. it's spiritual. Gardening is written deeply into our DNA, like how you feel watching a bonfire or sitting by the ocean or next to a river.

My friend John at Food4Wealth has more than 20 years experience organic gardening, so he reminds me a lot of myself. He knows organic gardening like I know hydroponic gardening, and over the years he has learned just about every trick there is to organic gardening. He knows what makes the plants grow, and he knows how to do it with as little effort as humanly possible. His garden never needs digging, naturally repels pests, has no weeds, always produces more than his family is able to eat, produces vegetables everyday all year round, and....only requires 8 HOURS of light, easy effort PER YEAR!


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